Violence Erupts in India Ahead of G20 Summit

A series of violence incidents in India, including clashes in Harayana. It is deadly shooting on a train in Maharashtra, have expose the deep communal fissures in the country just weeks before it is set to host the G20 summit in New Delhi. The violence in Gurugram, where Muslim-own properties were target, result in at least six deaths, including a cleric in a mosque. In Maharashtra, a police officer shot four people, including three Muslim passengers. The incidents have ignited concerns over India’s sectarian divide as Hindu nationalist policies gain traction.

Clashes in Harayana and Gurugram:

Violence erupted in Harayana when a right-wing Hindu organization led a religious procession in Nuh city. The clashes spread to Gurugram, a finance and tech hub home to global firms, with violent mobs targeting Muslim-owned properties, leading to deaths and arrests. The situation prompted authorities to urge residents to stay home and close some institutions.

Train Shooting Incident in Maharashtra:

On a train heading to Mumbai, a police officer opened fire, killing four people, including three Muslim passengers. A video of the aftermath showed the officer making controversial statements about India’s leader and chief minister, advocating divisive policies. Opposition politicians and activists have labeled it a “hate crime” against India’s Muslim minority.

Rising Hate Crimes and Communal Tensions:

India has witnessed a rise in hate crimes against minority groups since the BJP’s election victory in 2014. A study indicates a 786% increase in such crimes, with Muslims often targeted. The political landscape, divisive rhetoric, and controversial legislation by BJP politicians like Adityanath have contributed to communal tensions.

G20 Summit:

While the Indian government aims to project an image of a confident and modern superpower during the G20 summit, the recent violence highlights the uncomfortable reality of sectarian divide under the BJP’s rule. The silence from the government over sectarian assaults and rhetoric is seen as emboldening radical right-wing groups.


As India prepares to host the G20 summit, recent communal violence and rising hate crimes have raised concerns about the country’s sectarian divide. The BJP’s Hindu nationalist policies have faced criticism, and some politicians have been accused of fueling hate politics. While the Indian government seeks to present a vibrant image on the global stage, the events on the ground underscore the challenges of maintaining unity and peace in the country.